Back of knee Pain, Causes, Symptoms, Relief and Treatments

Knee pain is a prevalent complaint, and it is unpleasant and frustrating for many people. Your knees are an important body part that helps you in movement.  Due to too much motion, it leads you to overuse injuries in which simple wear and tear problems occur no matter what your age is.  Due to mild problems, back of knee pain occurs, and it could be due to any reason such as falling or in accidents, bones crack, and tissue tear.  Back of knee pain is known as Posterior knee pain in which you may experience swelling at the back of knee pain, which extends into the calf. This swelling could be more severe if you don’t care about it even it stops you from bending the leg properly.

To treat the pain behind the knee pain, diagnose is the first thing in which you can notice the aching or burning, which mostly happens behind the knee. Here we will talk about all the possible causes of back of knee pain and what are the symptoms of it. Moreover, some strategies are also mentioned herein, which some self-care and some medications are included.  The timely treatment always saves you from complicated surgeries.

What causes pain behind the knee?

The knee is the biggest joint and considers the most injury-prone areas. There could be many reasons for the back of knee pain in which some require short term treatment, and some require long term treatment. Some people don’t know what causes pain behind the knee. So, let’s talk about some conditions that cause the back of knee pain.

Leg Cramps

Cramps are a very common cause of pain behind the knee when muscles become tight. The tightness of muscles occurs when you do too much work without stretching. However, it stretched but still cramps in your legs that’s means muscles are in overused.

It is called overuse syndrome that affects different areas of the knee. Ion leg cramping, you feel sudden sensation, painful spasm of the muscle, dehydration, infection such as tetanus, liver disease, toxins in the blood, etc. The pain lasts from a few minutes to 10 minutes, and after cramping muscle, sore remains for a few hours. Moreover, pregnant women also experience leg cramps, but for them, it is a normal side effect of pregnancy. Back of knee pain relief could be found through regularly stretching their calves.

Baker’s Cyst

A fluid sac is found behind the knee, and the fluid inside the cyst is called synovial fluid.  This fluid is known as a lubricant for the knee joint. If excess synovial fluid builds up, it forms a cyst. In the symptoms of this cause pain behind the knee, swelling pain behind the knee, stiffness, and trouble flexing your knee are included.

Meniscus tears

The meniscus is the cartilage of the side of the knee, and it hurts when twisting or bending the leg and cartilage breaks. This pain does not appear immediately but worse over a couple of days. Due to meniscus tears, your loss of knee motion, weakness, fatigue, swelling around the knee. You may need surgery because meniscus tears do not heal on their own.

ACL Injuries

ACL is a tissue band that runs through the knee joint, connecting the bones and helping to keep the joint stable. ACL strains happen from sudden stops and changes in direction. These torn tissues cause serious injury and often sidelining an athlete for a long time.

PCL Injuries

PCL plays an important role, which called posterior circulate ligament. It is less likely to be injured than the ACL. It mostly occurs during traumatic events like when you fall on to the knee from a height or in a car accident. The ligament completely tears in it.

Jumper’s Knee

Another reason for pain behind the knee is the injury of the tendon, which called the jumper’s knee. It is like a cord that connects with the kneecap and known as patellar tendonitis. This issue occurs when you jump or change the direction while playing volleyball or basketball. When tendon tears, it swells up and weakens. This back of knee pain occurs below the knee cap.

Hamstring Injury

Hamstring injury is a muscle injury that happens at the back of your thigh, in these three types of muscle, semitendinosus, semimembranosus, and biceps femoris muscles. These are important muscles that allow us to bend the knee.  Injuries in these muscles are called hamstring or a hamstring strain. Muscles completely tear, and it takes months to heal. Injuries to biceps femoris called biceps femoris tendinopathy, which causes knee pain behind knee.

Gastrocnemius Tendonitis

Gastrocnemius muscles make the calf, which locates the back of your lower leg. These muscles help to bend the knee and point your toes.  It mostly happens when you quickly turn while playing or standing due to strain of these muscles sudden pain cause behind the knee.

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury

ACL is a bunch of tissues found in the front of your knee joint. It connects with the thighbone to your shinbone and provides movement to your knee. ACL injuries occur when you slow down, stop, and change direction suddenly during running.

Moreover, sometimes it happens when you land a wrong jump. In this, you feel trouble while moving your knee and feel pain when you walk.


It happens when the cartilage in the knee joint breaks down. It is a rubbery material that cushions the bones so that it saves you scrape against one another while moving.

The common site of cartilage breakdown is a kneecap that known as patella. When scrapping occurs your, pain behind knee occurs. It gets worse than you climb upstairs.


It is an old age disease in which cartilage effects that support the knee joint. Few types of arthritis cause knee pain, including osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and psoriatic arthritis.

Back of knee pain symptoms

In every cause of back of knee pain, symptoms are different, and here I am mentioning some symptoms such as

  • In leg cramps, you experience nerve problems in legs, infections like tetanus, dehydration, toxins like mercury in blood and liver disease.
  • Weakness, stiffness, trouble in bending, and straitening have appeared in Jumper’s knee problem.
  • In hamstring injury, swelling, bruising, and weakness in the legs are very common.
  • The fourth cause if the baker’s cyst in which the patient experiences pain behind the knee, swelling, and stiffness. Similarly, these symptoms are also appearing in calf strains.
  • Furthermore, Meniscus tear patients suffer from swelling, stiffness, weakness in and behind the knee.
  • All these are common symptoms which patient experience in all type of back of behind the knee pain.

Back of knee pain treatment

Always take care of muscles around the knee are in a good position or stretched, especially the quads, calves, and hamstrings. These help the muscles to respond quickly and properly.

For the back of knee pain, RICE treatment is recommended for minor to moderate cases. RICE means Resting, icing, compression, and elevating. The treatment helps treat pain and swelling of the knee.

Besides, anti-inflammatory drugs are used to ease pain, such as ibuprofen, which is mostly recommended. In some severe cases, steroidal injections are used to reduce the symptoms. For more serious injuries, surgery is recommended, but before that, doctors use an MRI and CT scan to obtain the complete image of the affected area. Well, some instructions are necessary for the back of knee pain relief.

Treatment depends on the cause of the problem and the utmost diagnosis by the doctor. Therefore, consult your physician to seek medical help before beginning any treatment plan.

Back of knee pain relief

You must take care if the back of knee pain occurs due to any reason. There are some tips for the back of knee pain relief. By following these on your own, you can get quick recovery.

  • Rest the knee until it completely heals
  • Use the ice for 20 minutes many times in a day
  • Must wear the compression bandage to support the knee.
  • You can use crutches or cane to take the weight off the knee.
  • You can use the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to get knee pain relief in which aspirin, Advil, and naproxen are included.

There are some treatment strategies to treat back knee pain, and all these conditions are appropriate for every condition. Many initial therapies for knee pain are simple, straightforward, and can be done at home.

Self-Care Strategies

The first one that you should do is rest that allows the immediate inflammation to subside. It is the best and first step for the back of knee pain relief.

The second self-care strategy is to apply a cold gel pack or ice that mostly used for knee pain.  You must do this therapy for 15-20 minutes multiple times per day.

The third strategy is the support that depends on diagnose, and your doctor recommends knee support to get pain behind knee. In the case of patellar tendonitis, your doctor advises you to support taping and patellar tendon straps. Moreover, the knee brace is also recommended by the doctor to maintain knee stability.

Physical therapy

The second common treatment for back knee pain relief is a physical therapy suitable for all types of orthopedic conditions.  Physical therapy increases strength, regain mobility, and help the patient to pre-injury level of activity. It emphasizes stretching and strengthening the muscles that support the knee, hamstring, quadriceps, inner, outer thigh muscles, and buttocks.


In medications, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications are used. These are the most prescribed medications for patients, such as bursitis, tendonitis, and arthritis. Besides the NSAID medicines, cortisone injections are given to patients. It is a powerful treatment to get rid of inflammation into the knee.

However, this injection has some side effects; therefore, used sparingly. Besides, some other drugs, such as anti-rheumatic drugs are prescribed, but it depends on your diagnosis. Antibiotics are also recommended to treat infected knee joint as well as an oral steroid to treat a gout flare.

Other alternative therapies are recommended, which are useful for mind and body such as acupuncture, tai chi to treat knee pain.

Surgery is also done but in some specific diagnoses such as ligaments injuries or knee dislocations, knee fractures, infected knee joints that require surgical drainage.


You can do several things to prevent knee injuries or pain, which also trigger the chronic knee condition such as arthritis or osteoarthritis.  Therefore, for prevention, you can follow some basic steps

  • Reduced your weight if you are overweight or obese.
  • Do some exercises such as strengthen and stretch quadriceps and hamstrings muscles.
  • Try some aerobic exercises that place less stress on the knee, and it could be cycling or swimming.
  • Wear knee pads if you walk on daily bass or work on the knees.


Knee pain is the most common disease or disorder in many people, which starts from mild symptoms and then leads to the most severe cases if you don’t care. After reading this article, in the end, now you can understand that to diagnose the precise cause of knee pain is key so that your doctor can tell you an effective treatment plan. You can note down the symptoms and get immediate help from your physician.  Immediate treatment always gives you an effective recovery, and you return to normal functions. Well, in the end, we will recommend must consult the physician so that he can tell you about the root cause and help to back of knee pain relief.  All the important information regarding the back of knee pain is given so that you could know the issue and save yourself from knee complications.


About Author

Leave A Reply