Tendons VS Ligaments,the diffrences, treatments, injuries and conclusion

Ligaments are flexible connective tissues that hold body cartilage and joints. They provide flexibility and stability to bones. When ligament overstretched and torn, sprain happens in the ankle, wrist, and knee.

A sprain happens suddenly when your ankle twists suddenly. In its symptoms, you feel pain, swelling, and bruising in the affected area. the intensity of the symptoms depends on that the ligament is torn and overextended.

Sprains are classified into three grades in which grade 1 to grade 3 included. the pain starts from a mild sprain with slight stretching of the ligament, and at grade 3, a complete tear of the ligament happens, which makes joints unstable.

Ligaments are more flexible than tendons. In our body, there are two types of ligaments white and yellow. White ligaments are rich in collagen fibers but are less elastic as well as yellow contain more elastic fibers and can move proper movement.

Tendons are soft fibrous tissues that hold muscle to bones. Tendons are located at the end of every muscle of the body. Due to these tendons, your muscle contract and extend, which allow you to move.

Moreover, in tendons, there are bundles of fiber, which is tissue type and called endotenon surrounds. The function of these tissues is to enable the bundles of tendon fibers to move against one another but support the body movement.

Difference between tendons and ligaments?

Both are thick bands of tissue called collagen. Both of then stabilize body structures and facilitate body movements.

The major difference is that tendons connect muscles to bones, and ligaments connect bones to other bones. Ligaments are found at joints, whereas tendons at bones, but both allow the muscles to move different parts of the body.

Tendon Injuries 

Tendon injuries are common who play sports; approximately 30-50% of injuries happen due to sports and mostly these tendon problems. A common sports injury is a strain that damages the tendon or muscle which it connects. It could be so painful and sever and take time to recover for weeks or months. Trauma and falling suddenly also cause strain. However, it also happens in those who are inactive in their daily life. Here we are mentioning the tendon injuries such as

Tendinitis: when inflammation occurs in tendon and further develop trauma such as strain. In this, you feel pain, and the area becomes swollen and warm when touch.

Tendinosis: type of tendon tearing just like strain and occurs over months or years because of the wrong athletic technique.

Subluxation: subluxation is another injury that happens when the tendon moves out of place. The popping and snapping sound we hear when it occurs, and then the person experiences pain and weakness in the affected joint.

All these injuries happen due to a combination of immediate trauma and chronic trauma. It commonly affects the Achilles tendons, knees, biceps, and quadriceps.

Ligament Injuries

Ligament stretches or tears in which minor inconvenience and injury happen that takes months to heal. In ligaments injuries, mostly your knees, wrists, and ankles are highly vulnerable to sprains.

In ligament injuries, there are three sprain categories

Grade 1: mild sprains in which fibers stretch, but ligament does not tear.

Grade 2: Moderate sprains in which ligament partially tear

Grade 3: it is a severe case when the ligament totally tears and tenders the joint completely. At that time patient needs surgical treatment.

Moreover, some ligament injuries are common such as anterior cruciate ligament in which common knee sprain happens. Instability is a common issue in sprained ankles and knees.

What treatment Is applied for tendons and Ligament injuries?

As we have already discussed the difference between tendon and ligament injuries. So, when you consult your doctor, he always suggests a treatment plan that can reduce your pain and swelling.

The immediate treatment is almost the same in both injuries, so let’s see what the doctor recommends

Rest: You need to complete rest in these types of injuries as your body must be in immobilized position, especially the injured body part.

Ice: take the ice and wrap it into the towel to protect the skin. You must do ice therapy at least for 20 minutes on the injured area, and you must do this at least 3-4 times a day.

Compression: Compression bandage always helpful in reducing swelling. So, wear it but not so tightly.

Elevation: keep injured part higher than heart because it reduces swelling and promotes healing.

Medication: use anti-inflammatory and pain relievers medicine that doctor recommends.

Well, for more severe injuries, a person may need additional treatment like physical therapy. Furtherly, if tendon or ligament tears completely, then the doctor does the surgical operation. Mostly tendinitis and Bursitis heal itself, but inflamed bursa could be more severe. If it gets infected, the doctor drains the fluid or sometimes removes the bursa.

The treatment depends on the injuries’ condition or stage as in most severe cases. A person may need surgery and physical therapy. Sometimes doctors give lifestyle changes suggestions to decrease the risk of subluxation.

A tendon injury called tendinitis often heals itself, but for getting relief sometimes, corticosteroid injections are injected to patients. Moreover, in severe tendinitis condition, surgery is done to remove the inflamed or damaged tissue.

Prevent Sprains and Strains

Sudden accidents or whacking your knee on a dashboard during an accident are not preventable, but you can protect your tendons and ligaments by simply following some instructions.

  • Warm-up before the physical activity: You must do some aerobic activities to warm up the body for 10 minutes before start exercising.
  • You must start the exercise slowly and gradually because it helps to warm up your muscles.
  • Must wear comfortable shoes that could properly fit in your foot.
  • Always take care of your weight as your idea weight stay away from many diseases or injuries.
  • You must do some rest after intense workout sessions because it reduces the risk of overstressing the same ligaments and tendons. Moreover, if you feel pain or overstressed, then you must take some rest.

All these are some simple instructions, and by following these, you can save yourself from most severe cases.

Conclusion

In our bodies, thousands of ligaments and tendons are found throughout the body. These are connective and fibrous tissues that connect our bones to bones and muscles. Due to these ligaments and tendons, we able to move from one place to another. The injuries in these parts could be so painful, and to diagnose is so difficult to tell the difference between tendon and ligament.

The symptoms in both injuries are the same, and demand proper treatment. So, you just consult your doctor when you feel any kind of a pain in your joints. The doctor will recommend the proper treatment as well as save you from the more chronic condition.

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